Air Pollution

Air Pollution

PM2.5 (ANNUAL MEAN)

17.1
  • 10 5 µg/m3 WHO recommended level
  • 20
  • 30 25 µg/m3 EU maximun level
  • 40
  • 50
  • 60
  • 70
  • 80
  • 90
  •  

RANKING POSITION

106/858

DEATHS THAT COULD BE AVOIDED

643

IF NEW WHO GUIDELINES (2021)
WERE MET

384

IF FORMER WHO GUIDELINES (2005) WERE MET

708

IF THE LOWEST LEVELS OF AIR POLLUTION WERE MET

NO2 (ANNUAL MEAN)

18.6
  • 10
  • 20 10 µg/m3
    WHO recommended level
  • 30
  • 40
  • 50 40 µg/m3
    EU
    maximun level
  • 60
  • 70
  • 80
  • 90
  •  

RANKING POSITION

571/858

DEATHS THAT COULD BE AVOIDED

135

IF NEW WHO GUIDELINES (2021)
WERE MET

0

IF FORMER WHO GUIDELINES (2005) WERE MET

234

IF THE LOWEST LEVELS OF AIR POLLUTION WERE MET

Green Space

Green Space

Vegetation Index (NDVI)

0.597
  • 0.10
  • 0.20
  • 0.30
  • 0.40
  • 0.50
  • 0.60
  • 0.70
  • 0.80
  • 0.90
  •  
0.526
NDVI goal
(WHO recommendation)

RANKING POSITION

366/866

% OF POPULATION BELOW
TARGET NDVI

52.66%

DEATHS THAT COULD BE AVOIDED

143

IF WHO GUIDELINES WERE MET

Green Area (GA)

53.8%
  • 10%
  • 20%
  • 30% 25%
    GA
    (WHO recommendation)
  • 40%
  • 50%
  • 60%
  • 70%
  • 80%
  • 90%
  •  

RANKING POSITION

485/866

% OF POPULATION BELOW
25% GA

46.94%

DEATHS THAT COULD BE AVOIDED

58

IF WHO GUIDELINES WERE MET

Traffic Noise

Traffic Noise

%

% OF POPULATION EXPOSED TO HARMFUL NOISE LEVELS

%

% OF HIGHLY ANNOYED POPULATION

DEATHS THAT COULD BE AVOIDED

0

EXPOSURE DATA SOURCE

Estimated method GAP FILLING METHOD

SHARE THE RESULTS

REFERENCES: Khomenko S, Cirach M, Pereira-Barboza E, Mueller N, Barrera-Gómez J, Rojas-Rueda D, de Hoogh K, Hoek G, Nieuwenhuijsen M. Premature mortality due to air pollution in European cities; an Urban Burden of Disease Assessment. The Lancet Planetary Health, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2542-5196(20)30272-2.

Khomenko S, Cirach M, Pereira-Barboza E, Mueller N, Barrera-Gómez J, Rojas-Rueda D, de Hoogh K, Hoek G, Nieuwenhuijsen M. Health impacts of the new WHO air quality guidelines in European cities, The Lancet Planetary Health, D-21-00431R1, Nov 2021. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2542-5196(21)00288-6

REFERENCE: Pereira Barboza E, Cirach M, Khomenko S, Iungman S, Mueller N, Barrera-Gómez J, Rojas-Rueda D, Kondo M, Nieuwenhuijsen M, Green space and mortality in European cities: a health impact assessment study, The Lancet Planetary Health 2021; 5: e718–30. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2542-5196(21)00229-1

REFERENCE: Sasha Khomenko, Marta Cirach, Jose Barrera-Gómez, Evelise Pereira-Barboza, Tamara Iungman, Natalie Mueller, Maria Foraster, Cathryn Tonne, Meelan Thondoo, Calvin Jephcote, John Gulliver, James Woodcock, Mark Nieuwenhuijsen. Impact of road traffic noise on annoyance and preventable mortality in European cities: a health impact assessment. Environment International, Volume 162, 2022, 107160, ISSN 0160-4120, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2022.107160

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