Air Pollution

Air Pollution

PM2.5
(ANNUAL MEAN)

22.7
  • 10 5 µg/m3 WHO recommended level
  • 20
  • 30 25 µg/m3 EU maximun level
  • 40
  • 50
  • 60
  • 70
  • 80
  • 90
  •  

RANKING POSITION

27/858

DEATHS THAT COULD BE AVOIDED

1,110

IF NEW WHO GUIDELINES (2021)
WERE MET

810

IF FORMER WHO GUIDELINES (2005) WERE MET

1,186

IF THE LOWEST LEVELS OF AIR POLLUTION WERE MET

NO2
(ANNUAL MEAN)

40.8
  • 10
  • 20 10 µg/m3
    WHO recommended level
  • 30
  • 40
  • 50 40 µg/m3
    EU
    maximun level
  • 60
  • 70
  • 80
  • 90
  •  

RANKING POSITION

3/858

DEATHS THAT COULD BE AVOIDED

562

IF NEW WHO GUIDELINES (2021)
WERE MET

34

IF FORMER WHO GUIDELINES (2005) WERE MET

673

IF THE LOWEST LEVELS OF AIR POLLUTION WERE MET

Green Space

Green Space

Vegetation Index (NDVI)

0.423
  • 0.10
  • 0.20
  • 0.30
  • 0.40
  • 0.50
  • 0.60
  • 0.70
  • 0.80
  • 0.90
  •  
0.467
NDVI goal
(WHO recommendation)

RANKING POSITION

2/866

% OF POPULATION BELOW
TARGET NDVI

92.22%

DEATHS THAT COULD BE AVOIDED

546

IF WHO GUIDELINES WERE MET

Green Area (GA)

24.9%
  • 10%
  • 20%
  • 30% 25%
    GA
    (WHO recommendation)
  • 40%
  • 50%
  • 60%
  • 70%
  • 80%
  • 90%
  •  

RANKING POSITION

32/866

% OF POPULATION BELOW
25% GA

89.91%

DEATHS THAT COULD BE AVOIDED

143

IF WHO GUIDELINES WERE MET

SHARE THE RESULTS

REFERENCES: Khomenko S, Cirach M, Pereira-Barboza E, Mueller N, Barrera-Gómez J, Rojas-Rueda D, de Hoogh K, Hoek G, Nieuwenhuijsen M. Premature mortality due to air pollution in European cities; an Urban Burden of Disease Assessment. The Lancet Planetary Health, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2542-5196(20)30272-2.

Khomenko S, Cirach M, Pereira-Barboza E, Mueller N, Barrera-Gómez J, Rojas-Rueda D, de Hoogh K, Hoek G, Nieuwenhuijsen M. Health impacts of the new WHO air quality guidelines in European cities, The Lancet Planetary Health, D-21-00431R1, Nov 2021. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2542-5196(21)00288-6

REFERENCE: Pereira Barboza E, Cirach M, Khomenko S, Iungman S, Mueller N, Barrera-Gómez J, Rojas-Rueda D, Kondo M, Nieuwenhuijsen M, Green space and mortality in European cities: a health impact assessment study, The Lancet Planetary Health 2021; 5: e718–30. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2542-5196(21)00229-1

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