Air Pollution

Air Pollution

PM2.5
(ANNUAL MEAN)

12.8
  • 10 5 µg/m3 WHO recommended level
  • 20
  • 30 25 µg/m3 EU maximun level
  • 40
  • 50
  • 60
  • 70
  • 80
  • 90
  •  

RANKING POSITION

551/858

DEATHS THAT COULD BE AVOIDED

1,876

IF NEW WHO GUIDELINES (2021)
WERE MET

689

IF FORMER WHO GUIDELINES (2005) WERE MET

2,179

IF THE LOWEST LEVELS OF AIR POLLUTION WERE MET

NO2
(ANNUAL MEAN)

39.2
  • 10
  • 20 10 µg/m3
    WHO recommended level
  • 30
  • 40
  • 50 40 µg/m3
    EU
    maximun level
  • 60
  • 70
  • 80
  • 90
  •  

RANKING POSITION

1/858

DEATHS THAT COULD BE AVOIDED

1,966

IF NEW WHO GUIDELINES (2021)
WERE MET

206

IF FORMER WHO GUIDELINES (2005) WERE MET

2,380

IF THE LOWEST LEVELS OF AIR POLLUTION WERE MET

Green Space

Green Space

Vegetation Index (NDVI)

0.322
  • 0.10
  • 0.20
  • 0.30
  • 0.40
  • 0.50
  • 0.60
  • 0.70
  • 0.80
  • 0.90
  •  
0.32
NDVI goal
(WHO recommendation)

RANKING POSITION

538/866

% OF POPULATION BELOW
TARGET NDVI

66.59%

DEATHS THAT COULD BE AVOIDED

620

IF WHO GUIDELINES WERE MET

Green Area (GA)

27.0%
  • 10%
  • 20%
  • 30% 25%
    GA
    (WHO recommendation)
  • 40%
  • 50%
  • 60%
  • 70%
  • 80%
  • 90%
  •  

RANKING POSITION

396/866

% OF POPULATION BELOW
25% GA

69.72%

DEATHS THAT COULD BE AVOIDED

349

IF WHO GUIDELINES WERE MET

Madrid (metropolitan area) includes the following citites: Alcobendas, Alcorcón, Coslada, Fuenlabrada, Getafe, Leganés, Madrid, Majadahonda, Móstoles, Parla, Pozuelo de Alarcón, Rivas-Vaciamadrid, Rozas de Madrid, Las, San Sebastián de los Reyes

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REFERENCES: Khomenko S, Cirach M, Pereira-Barboza E, Mueller N, Barrera-Gómez J, Rojas-Rueda D, de Hoogh K, Hoek G, Nieuwenhuijsen M. Premature mortality due to air pollution in European cities; an Urban Burden of Disease Assessment. The Lancet Planetary Health, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2542-5196(20)30272-2.

Khomenko S, Cirach M, Pereira-Barboza E, Mueller N, Barrera-Gómez J, Rojas-Rueda D, de Hoogh K, Hoek G, Nieuwenhuijsen M. Health impacts of the new WHO air quality guidelines in European cities, The Lancet Planetary Health, D-21-00431R1, Nov 2021. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2542-5196(21)00288-6

REFERENCE: Pereira Barboza E, Cirach M, Khomenko S, Iungman S, Mueller N, Barrera-Gómez J, Rojas-Rueda D, Kondo M, Nieuwenhuijsen M, Green space and mortality in European cities: a health impact assessment study, The Lancet Planetary Health 2021; 5: e718–30. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2542-5196(21)00229-1

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