Air Pollution

Air Pollution

PM2.5 (ANNUAL MEAN)

11.9
  • 10 5 µg/m3 WHO recommended level
  • 20
  • 30 25 µg/m3 EU maximun level
  • 40
  • 50
  • 60
  • 70
  • 80
  • 90
  •  

RANKING POSITION

514/858

DEATHS THAT COULD BE AVOIDED

857

IF NEW WHO GUIDELINES (2021)
WERE MET

287

IF FORMER WHO GUIDELINES (2005) WERE MET

1,002

IF THE LOWEST LEVELS OF AIR POLLUTION WERE MET

NO2 (ANNUAL MEAN)

27.9
  • 10
  • 20 10 µg/m3
    WHO recommended level
  • 30
  • 40
  • 50 40 µg/m3
    EU
    maximun level
  • 60
  • 70
  • 80
  • 90
  •  

RANKING POSITION

116/858

DEATHS THAT COULD BE AVOIDED

619

IF NEW WHO GUIDELINES (2021)
WERE MET

2

IF FORMER WHO GUIDELINES (2005) WERE MET

835

IF THE LOWEST LEVELS OF AIR POLLUTION WERE MET

Green Space

Green Space

Vegetation Index (NDVI)

0.38
  • 0.10
  • 0.20
  • 0.30
  • 0.40
  • 0.50
  • 0.60
  • 0.70
  • 0.80
  • 0.90
  •  
0.347
NDVI goal
(WHO recommendation)

RANKING POSITION

301/866

% OF POPULATION BELOW
TARGET NDVI

72.06%

DEATHS THAT COULD BE AVOIDED

355

IF WHO GUIDELINES WERE MET

Green Area (GA)

35.0%
  • 10%
  • 20%
  • 30% 25%
    GA
    (WHO recommendation)
  • 40%
  • 50%
  • 60%
  • 70%
  • 80%
  • 90%
  •  

RANKING POSITION

214/866

% OF POPULATION BELOW
25% GA

70.36%

DEATHS THAT COULD BE AVOIDED

185

IF WHO GUIDELINES WERE MET

Traffic Noise

Traffic Noise

%

% OF POPULATION EXPOSED TO HARMFUL NOISE LEVELS

%

% OF HIGHLY ANNOYED POPULATION

DEATHS THAT COULD BE AVOIDED

0

EXPOSURE DATA SOURCE

Estimated method GAP FILLING METHOD

Lisbon (metropolitan area) includes the following citites: Almada, Amadora, Barreiro, Lisbon, Odivelas, Seixal

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REFERENCES: Khomenko S, Cirach M, Pereira-Barboza E, Mueller N, Barrera-Gómez J, Rojas-Rueda D, de Hoogh K, Hoek G, Nieuwenhuijsen M. Premature mortality due to air pollution in European cities; an Urban Burden of Disease Assessment. The Lancet Planetary Health, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2542-5196(20)30272-2.

Khomenko S, Cirach M, Pereira-Barboza E, Mueller N, Barrera-Gómez J, Rojas-Rueda D, de Hoogh K, Hoek G, Nieuwenhuijsen M. Health impacts of the new WHO air quality guidelines in European cities, The Lancet Planetary Health, D-21-00431R1, Nov 2021. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2542-5196(21)00288-6

REFERENCE: Pereira Barboza E, Cirach M, Khomenko S, Iungman S, Mueller N, Barrera-Gómez J, Rojas-Rueda D, Kondo M, Nieuwenhuijsen M, Green space and mortality in European cities: a health impact assessment study, The Lancet Planetary Health 2021; 5: e718–30. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2542-5196(21)00229-1

REFERENCE: Sasha Khomenko, Marta Cirach, Jose Barrera-Gómez, Evelise Pereira-Barboza, Tamara Iungman, Natalie Mueller, Maria Foraster, Cathryn Tonne, Meelan Thondoo, Calvin Jephcote, John Gulliver, James Woodcock, Mark Nieuwenhuijsen. Impact of road traffic noise on annoyance and preventable mortality in European cities: a health impact assessment. Environment International, Volume 162, 2022, 107160, ISSN 0160-4120, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2022.107160

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