Air Pollution

Air Pollution

PM2.5 (ANNUAL MEAN)

13.4
  • 10 5 µg/m3 WHO recommended level
  • 20
  • 30 25 µg/m3 EU maximun level
  • 40
  • 50
  • 60
  • 70
  • 80
  • 90
  •  

RANKING POSITION

451/858

DEATHS THAT COULD BE AVOIDED

50

IF NEW WHO GUIDELINES (2021)
WERE MET

21

IF FORMER WHO GUIDELINES (2005) WERE MET

58

IF THE LOWEST LEVELS OF AIR POLLUTION WERE MET

NO2 (ANNUAL MEAN)

25.3
  • 10
  • 20 10 µg/m3
    WHO recommended level
  • 30
  • 40
  • 50 40 µg/m3
    EU
    maximun level
  • 60
  • 70
  • 80
  • 90
  •  

RANKING POSITION

363/858

DEATHS THAT COULD BE AVOIDED

27

IF NEW WHO GUIDELINES (2021)
WERE MET

0

IF FORMER WHO GUIDELINES (2005) WERE MET

37

IF THE LOWEST LEVELS OF AIR POLLUTION WERE MET

Green Space

Green Space

Vegetation Index (NDVI)

0.558
  • 0.10
  • 0.20
  • 0.30
  • 0.40
  • 0.50
  • 0.60
  • 0.70
  • 0.80
  • 0.90
  •  
0.53
NDVI goal
(WHO recommendation)

RANKING POSITION

170/866

% OF POPULATION BELOW
TARGET NDVI

62.64%

DEATHS THAT COULD BE AVOIDED

25

IF WHO GUIDELINES WERE MET

Green Area (GA)

36.5%
  • 10%
  • 20%
  • 30% 25%
    GA
    (WHO recommendation)
  • 40%
  • 50%
  • 60%
  • 70%
  • 80%
  • 90%
  •  

RANKING POSITION

355/866

% OF POPULATION BELOW
25% GA

68.58%

DEATHS THAT COULD BE AVOIDED

9

IF WHO GUIDELINES WERE MET

Traffic Noise

Traffic Noise

45.0%

% OF POPULATION EXPOSED TO HARMFUL NOISE LEVELS

6.8%

% OF HIGHLY ANNOYED POPULATION

DEATHS THAT COULD BE AVOIDED

3

EXPOSURE DATA SOURCE

Strategic noise map NOISE MAP QUALITY Moderate

SHARE THE RESULTS

REFERENCES: Khomenko S, Cirach M, Pereira-Barboza E, Mueller N, Barrera-Gómez J, Rojas-Rueda D, de Hoogh K, Hoek G, Nieuwenhuijsen M. Premature mortality due to air pollution in European cities; an Urban Burden of Disease Assessment. The Lancet Planetary Health, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2542-5196(20)30272-2.

Khomenko S, Cirach M, Pereira-Barboza E, Mueller N, Barrera-Gómez J, Rojas-Rueda D, de Hoogh K, Hoek G, Nieuwenhuijsen M. Health impacts of the new WHO air quality guidelines in European cities, The Lancet Planetary Health, D-21-00431R1, Nov 2021. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2542-5196(21)00288-6

REFERENCE: Pereira Barboza E, Cirach M, Khomenko S, Iungman S, Mueller N, Barrera-Gómez J, Rojas-Rueda D, Kondo M, Nieuwenhuijsen M, Green space and mortality in European cities: a health impact assessment study, The Lancet Planetary Health 2021; 5: e718–30. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2542-5196(21)00229-1

REFERENCE: Sasha Khomenko, Marta Cirach, Jose Barrera-Gómez, Evelise Pereira-Barboza, Tamara Iungman, Natalie Mueller, Maria Foraster, Cathryn Tonne, Meelan Thondoo, Calvin Jephcote, John Gulliver, James Woodcock, Mark Nieuwenhuijsen. Impact of road traffic noise on annoyance and preventable mortality in European cities: a health impact assessment. Environment International, Volume 162, 2022, 107160, ISSN 0160-4120, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2022.107160

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