Air Pollution

Air Pollution

PM2.5 (ANNUAL MEAN)

8.4
  • 10 5 µg/m3 WHO recommended level
  • 20
  • 30 25 µg/m3 EU maximun level
  • 40
  • 50
  • 60
  • 70
  • 80
  • 90
  •  

RANKING POSITION

749/858

DEATHS THAT COULD BE AVOIDED

0

IF NEW WHO GUIDELINES (2021)
WERE MET

0

IF FORMER WHO GUIDELINES (2005) WERE MET

102

IF THE LOWEST LEVELS OF AIR POLLUTION WERE MET

NO2 (ANNUAL MEAN)

19.2
  • 10
  • 20 10 µg/m3
    WHO recommended level
  • 30
  • 40
  • 50 40 µg/m3
    EU
    maximun level
  • 60
  • 70
  • 80
  • 90
  •  

RANKING POSITION

419/858

DEATHS THAT COULD BE AVOIDED

58

IF NEW WHO GUIDELINES (2021)
WERE MET

0

IF FORMER WHO GUIDELINES (2005) WERE MET

97

IF THE LOWEST LEVELS OF AIR POLLUTION WERE MET

Green Space

Green Space

Vegetation Index (NDVI)

0.593
  • 0.10
  • 0.20
  • 0.30
  • 0.40
  • 0.50
  • 0.60
  • 0.70
  • 0.80
  • 0.90
  •  
0.535
NDVI goal
(WHO recommendation)

RANKING POSITION

3/866

% OF POPULATION BELOW
TARGET NDVI

72.69%

DEATHS THAT COULD BE AVOIDED

144

IF WHO GUIDELINES WERE MET

Green Area (GA)

42.5%
  • 10%
  • 20%
  • 30% 25%
    GA
    (WHO recommendation)
  • 40%
  • 50%
  • 60%
  • 70%
  • 80%
  • 90%
  •  

RANKING POSITION

24/866

% OF POPULATION BELOW
25% GA

76.77%

DEATHS THAT COULD BE AVOIDED

43

IF WHO GUIDELINES WERE MET

Traffic Noise

Traffic Noise

%

% OF POPULATION EXPOSED TO HARMFUL NOISE LEVELS

%

% OF HIGHLY ANNOYED POPULATION

DEATHS THAT COULD BE AVOIDED

0

EXPOSURE DATA SOURCE

Estimated method GAP FILLING METHOD

Blackpool (metropolitan area) includes the following citites: Blackpool

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REFERENCES: Khomenko S, Cirach M, Pereira-Barboza E, Mueller N, Barrera-Gómez J, Rojas-Rueda D, de Hoogh K, Hoek G, Nieuwenhuijsen M. Premature mortality due to air pollution in European cities; an Urban Burden of Disease Assessment. The Lancet Planetary Health, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2542-5196(20)30272-2.

Khomenko S, Cirach M, Pereira-Barboza E, Mueller N, Barrera-Gómez J, Rojas-Rueda D, de Hoogh K, Hoek G, Nieuwenhuijsen M. Health impacts of the new WHO air quality guidelines in European cities, The Lancet Planetary Health, D-21-00431R1, Nov 2021. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2542-5196(21)00288-6

REFERENCE: Pereira Barboza E, Cirach M, Khomenko S, Iungman S, Mueller N, Barrera-Gómez J, Rojas-Rueda D, Kondo M, Nieuwenhuijsen M, Green space and mortality in European cities: a health impact assessment study, The Lancet Planetary Health 2021; 5: e718–30. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2542-5196(21)00229-1

REFERENCE: Sasha Khomenko, Marta Cirach, Jose Barrera-Gómez, Evelise Pereira-Barboza, Tamara Iungman, Natalie Mueller, Maria Foraster, Cathryn Tonne, Meelan Thondoo, Calvin Jephcote, John Gulliver, James Woodcock, Mark Nieuwenhuijsen. Impact of road traffic noise on annoyance and preventable mortality in European cities: a health impact assessment. Environment International, Volume 162, 2022, 107160, ISSN 0160-4120, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2022.107160

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